Full TGIF Record # 196
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Web URL(s):http://archive.lib.msu.edu/DMC/turfgrass/PDF/turfforgolf.pdf
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    Notes: 1923 reprint
Material Type:Book
Monographic Author(s):Piper, Charles V.; Oakley, Russell A.
Author Affiliation:Piper: Agrostologist; and Oakley: Agronomist, United States Department of Agriculture
Monograph Title:Turf for Golf Courses, 1917.
# of Pages:305
Publishing Information:New York, New York: The Macmillan Company
Collation:xvii, 262, [6] pp., 20 plates
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Golf courses; Turfgrass establishment; Soil pH; Soil structural units; Drainage; Fertilization; Nutrients; Composts; Manures; Soil improvement; Liming; Multipurpose turf; Utility turf; Turfgrass community; Weed profile; Weed identification; Pest control; Equipment maintenance; Golf course maintenance equipment
Abstract/Contents:Includes: Preface; General View (The Climatic Relations of Turf Grasses); Soils for Turf Grasses (Soils for Putting-Greens; Improving Sandy Soils on Fairways; Improving Clay Soils on Fairways; Acid or Sour Soils; and Drainage); Fertilizers (Organic Fertilizers; Bone-Meal; Cottonseed-Meal; Dried Blood; Hoof-and-Horn-Meals; Inorganic Fertilizers; Nitrate of Soda; Sulfate of Ammonia; Acid Phosphate; Muriate and Sulfate of Potash; and Mixed Fertilizers); Manures, Composts, and Other Humous Materials (Barnyard Manure; Powdered Sheep Manure; Mushroom Soil; Compost and Composting; Leaf-Mold; Peat; and Street Sweepings); Lime and its Use; The Important Turf Plants (Kentucky Blue-Grass; Annual Blue-Grass; Canada Blue-Grass; Redtop; Rhode Island Bent; Creeping Bent; Velvet Bent or Brown Bent; Red Fescue; Sheep's Fescue; Hard Fescue; Fine-Leaved Fescue; Various-Leaved Fescue; Bermuda-Grass; Blue Couch-Grass; Carpet-Grass; Crested Dogstail; Yellow Oat-Grass; Italian Rye-Grass; Perennial Rye-Grass; Korean Lawn-Grass; Manila-Grass; Mascarene-Grass; Japan Clover; White Clover; and Yarrow); How to Distinguish Different Kinds of Turf (Perennial or English Rye-Grass; Italian Rye-Grass; Kentucky Blue-Grass; Annual Blue-Grass; Redtop; Creeping Bent; Red Fescue; Fine-Leaved Fescue; Sheep's Fescue; Meadow Fescue; Bermuda-Grass; Yellow Oat-Grass; Carpet-Grass; Goose-Grass; Pigeon-Grass; and Crab-Grass); The Turf Grasses for Different Purposes (Grasses for Putting-Greens; Creeping Bent; Rhode Island Bent; Red Fescue; Bermuda-Grass; Mixtures for Putting-Greens; Grasses for Fair-Ways; Kentucky Blue-Grass; Redtop; Rhode Island Bent; Red Fescue; Creeping Bent; White Clover; Bermuda-Grass; Carpet-Grass; Japan Clover; Italian Rye-Grass; and Grasses for the Rough); The Making of Turf (Seeding New Greens; Improving Poor Turf; Sodding or Turfing; and The Seeds of the Principal Turf Grasses); Subsequent Care (Maintenance of Putting-Greens; Fertilizing; Sanding; Rolling; Mowing; Watering; Weeding; Reseeding and Patching; Controlling Animal Pests; Seasonal Work on Golf Courses; Fall; Winter; Sping; and Summer); Weeds and Their Control (White Clover; Mouse-Ear Chickweed; Yarrow; Sheep Sorrel; Pearlwort; Thyme-Leaved Speedwell; Creeping Thyme; Carpenter-Weed or Heal-All; Water Pennywort; Ground Ivy; Selaginella; Dandelion; Plantain or Rib-Grass; Buckhorn; Goose-Grass; Pigeon-Grass; Crab-Grass; Dichondra; and Nut-Grass or Coco); Animal Pests (Moles; Field Mice; Pocket Gophers; Earthworms; Ants; Grubs; and Crawfish); Turf Machinery (Seeders; Spiked Roller; Sprinklers; Rollers; Mowers; and Care for Machinery); Experimental Work on Golf Courses (Notable Fine Turf Investigations; Olcott's Turf Garden; and The Fred W. Taylor Method of Making Putting-Greens); and Personal Experiences (Practical Experience in Growing Turf on Golf Courses Near Philadelphia; Experience in Growing Turf on the Course of the Columbia Golf Club Near Washington, D.C.; and The Growing of Fine Turf on the Sandy Loam Soil of Long Island for Golfing Purposes).
Library of Congress
Subject Headings:
Golf courses
See Also:see also the 3 chapter records from this work, search as "MCODE=PIPER" in Power Search to isolate these as a set, or: see records related to PIPER
Note:Reprinted in 1923 and 1929
Reprinted in 2010 by Nabu Press
Reprinted in 2013 by Theclassics.us
"Published March, 1917"
Includes advertisements; pp. [1]-[6]
Includes "Illustrations in text"; pp. xi-xiv
Includes "Plates"; pp. xv-xvii
Includes "Index"; pp. 257-262
Line drawings
Pictures, b/w
Annotation from Turfgrass History and Literature: Lawns, Sports, and Golf, by James B Beard, Harriet J. Beard and James C Beard:"This book is a must for collectors of historical turfgrass books. It is a relatively rare, pioneering treatise. This important early book on golf course construction, establishment, and maintenance was the first authored by formally educated scientists with doctor of philosophy degrees and specializing as agrostologist of grasses and agronomist of soils. The authors approach was based on known fundamental science rather than only the observations and experiences of golf enthusiasts. It contained the most comprehensive characterization of turfgrasses that had been assembled up to that time. The chapter subject titles include the following:

I. General View
II. Soils for Turf Grasses
III. Fertilizers
IV. Manures, Composts, and Other Humous Materials
V. Lime and Its Use
VI. The Important Turf Plants
VII. How to Distinguish Different Kinds of Turf
VIII. The Turf Grasses for Different Purposes
IX. The Making of the Turf
X. Subsequent Care
XI. Weeds and Their Control
XII. Animal Pests
XIII. Turf Machinery
XIV. Experimental Work on Golf Courses
XV. Personal Experiences

Note that diseases of turfgrasses are not discussed, indicating that pathogens were not thought to be a significant problem of turfgrasses in 1917. Both authors were employees of the United States Department of Agriculture. The United States Golf Association assisted in publication of the book. Chapter 14 contains descriptions of the experimental work of James B. Olcott in Connecticut and Fred W. Taylor near Philadelphia. Presentations of personal experiences in growing turfgrasses on golf courses near Philadelphia at the Merion Golf Club by Hugh I. Wilson, on Long Island at the National Golf Links of America at Shinnecock Hills by Charles B. Macdonald, and near Washington, DC, at the Columbia Golf Club by Dr. Walter S. Harban are also of interest. The approach to root-zone construction of putting greens suggested by Drs. C.V. Piper and Russell Oakley in 1917 was as follows:

Sandy soils are bettered by the addition of silt or clay, or both, so as to obtain in the surface foot about one-third of these materials. Where clay is used, it should be dry and pulverized, as otherwise a good mixture is not secured. Humus-forming materials should be added in large quantity, preferably enough to cover the green to a depth of three to four inches. The thorough mixing of these different elements will form a satisfactory sandy loam soil. In some seaside courses the error has been made of attempting to build a green by making a layer of peat eight to twelve inches thick and covering with a few inches of soil, but good results are not to be expected from any such method. Peat remains practically inert unless well mixed with soil. Preferably, it should be composted for a full year before using. Stiff clay soils are best improved by the admixture of sand and humous materials. Three to four inches of sand may advantageously be incorporated in the top twelve inches, together with a liberal amount of humus-forming materials. Enough of the latter to cover the ground to a depth of four inches is not excessive. When the clay, sand, and humous materials are thoroughly mixed by plowing and cultivating, a very fair substitute for a clay loam is secured." p. 318-319
Beard Section Heading:Bibliography of books/monographs on turfgrass culture
Beard Rarity Statement:Relatively rare
Beard Special Note:Identified by James B Beard in Turfgrass History and Literature: Lawns, Sports, and Golf (2014) as being old and rare based on his experience.
Annotation from
Golf Course Design,
by Geoffrey S. Cornish and Michael J. Hurdzan:
"For decades this was the primary source of written information for course architects and greenkeepers throughout North America. Chapters on turfgrass identification, machinery, weeds, animal pests, soils and experimental work appeared along with an informative section of personal experiences from such luminaries as Dr. Walter S. Harban and Charles Blair Macdonald. Later editions were published." p. 122
Cornish & Hurdzan Ratings:D1; C2; M3; H5
See Also:Other items relating to: Classic Reads in Turf

Other items relating to: Turf books online
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Piper, Charles V. 1917. Turf for Golf Courses. xvii, 262, [6] pp., 20 plates. New York, New York: The Macmillan Company.
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    Notes: 1923 reprint

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Accession number: 9753935
Accession number: 569071251
Accession number: 671561499    Note: 1923 reprint
Accession number: 34916451    Note: 1923 reprint
Accession number: 25760534    Note: 1923 reprint
Accession number: 504089218    Note: 1923 reprint
Accession number: 3232962    Note: 1929 reprint
Accession number: 31351964    Note: 1929 reprint
Accession number: 945126931    Note: 2010 reprint
Accession number: 923401775    Note: 2013 reprint
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MSU catalog number: b2312216
MSU catalog number: b7415583
MSU catalog number: b5657152
MSU catalog number: b3645448
MSU catalog number: b9328690
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