Full TGIF Record # 298238
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Web URL(s):http://archive.lib.msu.edu/tic/ressum/2017/324.pdf
    Last checked: 05/25/2018
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Publication Type:
Author(s):Nikolai, Thomas A.; Karcher, Douglas
Author Affiliation:Nikolai: Ph. D. and Michigan State University; Karcher: Ph. D. The University of Arkansas
Title:The impact of putting green management on visible wear caused by golf cleat/sole designs
Section:Product testing
Other records with the "Product testing" Section
Source:Turfgrass and Environmental Research Program: 2017 Research Summaries. 2017, p. 324-327.
# of Pages:4
Publishing Information:[New York, New York]: The United States Golf Association Green Section
Keywords:TIC Keywords: Equipment design; Equipment for play; Golf green maintenance; Golf shoes; Wear
See Also:Other Reports from this USGA research project: 2016-26-576
Note:Pictures, color
USGA Summary Points:The most repeatable observation from Objective 1 was: golf sole and cleat designs from the 20th century (including but not limited to the 8 and 6 mm) resulted in more visible foot traffic at most every site compared to the most aggressive of today's cleat/sole designs (Fig. 1). Results from Objective 2 and 3 include: When statistical difference occurred, topdressing on creeping bentgrass and annual bluegrass resulted in less visible wear following 20 simulated rounds of golf. Topdressing also resulted in firmer (less ball mark depression measured with the Tru Firm) on creeping bentgrass and annual bluegrass at MSU. Topdressing also decreased VWC on creeping bentgrass and annual bluegrass. Annual bluegrass plots that were not groomed or topdressed resulted in the greatest ball mark depression compared to all other treatments as measured with the Tru Firm. On creeping bentgrass high fertility resulted in greater ball mark depression (less firm surfaces) as measured with the Tru Firm. Although there was a significant relationship between VWC and Tru Firm measurements, VWC explained less than 30% of the variability among Tru Firm measurements. Therefore, predicting Tru Firm values from VWC alone is not practical. In summary, little if any visual differences were apparent among mechanical and cultural treatments with the exception of days the plots were trafficked, however, data suggest proper cultural and mechanical practices can minimize wear from the most destructive golf cleat/sole designs and from ball marks (Fig. 2).
ASA/CSSA/SSSA Citation (Crop Science-Like - may be incomplete):
Nikolai, T. A., and D. Karcher. 2017. The impact of putting green management on visible wear caused by golf cleat/sole designs. USGA Turfgrass Environ. Res. Summ. p. 324-327.
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    Last checked: 05/25/2018
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MSU catalog number: b3609415
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